SMI Article of the Week

Neurophysiological Effects of Spinal Manipulation

Bolton, P.S., 2000.  Reflex effects of vertebral subluxations: the peripheral nervous system.  Journal of Manipulative and Physiological Therapeutics, 23 (2), 101-103.  

Bolton, P., Budgell, B. [In Press]  Spinal manipulation and spinal mobilization influence different axial sensory beds.  Medical Hypotheses.

Colloca, C.J., Keller, T.S., 2001.  Electromyographic reflex responses to mechanical force, manually assisted spinal manipulative therapy.  Spine, 26 (10), 1117-1124.

Colloca, C., Keller, T., Gunzburg, R. (2004)  Biomechanical and neurophysiological responses to spinal manipulation in patients with lumbar radiculopathy.  Journal of Manipulative and Physiological Therapeutics, 27 (1), 1-15.

Curtis, P., 1988.  Spinal manipulation: does it work?  Occupational Medicine, 3 (1), 31-44.

DeVocht, J.W., Pickar, J.G., Wilder, D.G., 2005.  Spinal manipulation alters electromyographic activity of paraspinal muscles: a descriptive study.  Journal of Manipulative and Physiological Therapeutics, 28 (9), 465-471.
    
Dishman, D.J., Bulbulian, R., 2000.  Spinal reflex attenuation associated with spinal manipulation.  Spine, 25 (19), 2519-2525.

Dishman, D.J., Ball, K.A., Burke, J., 2002a.  Central motor excitability changes after spinal manipulation: a transcranial magnetic stimulation study.  Journal of Manipulative and Physiological Therapeutics, 25 (1), 1-9.

Dishman, D.J., Cunningham, B.M., Burke, J., 2002b.  Comparison of tibial nerve H-reflex excitability after cervical and lumbar spine manipulation.  Journal of Manipulative and Physiological Therapeutics, 25 (5), 318-325.
    
Evans, D.W., 2002.  Mechanisms and effects of spinal high-velocity, low-amplitude thrust manipulation: previous theories: review of the literature.  Journal of Manipulative and Physiological Therapeutics, 25 (4), 251-262.

Flowman, Y., Liram, N., Gilai, A.N., 1997.  Spinal manipulation results in immediate H-reflex changes in patients with unilateral disc herniation.  European Spine Journal, 6 (6), 398-401.  

Herzog, W., Zhang, Y.T., Conway, P.J., Kawchuk, G.N., 1993b.  Cavitation sounds during spinal manipulative treatments.  Journal of Manipulative and Physiological Therapeutics, 16 (8), 523-526.   

Herzog, W., Scheele, D., Conway, P.J., 1999.  Electromyographic responses of back and limb muscles associated with spinal manipulative therapy.  Spine, 24 (2), 146-152.

Indahl, A., Kaigle, A.M., Reikeras, O., Holm, S.H., 1997.  Interaction between the porcine lumbar intervertebral disc, zygapophyseal joints, and paraspinal muscles.  Spine, 22 (24), 2834-2840.  

Katavich, L. (1998)  Differential effects of spinal manipulative therapy on acute and chronic
muscle spasm: a proposal for mechanisms and efficacy.  Manual Therapy, 3 (3), 132-139.

Keller, T.S., Colloca, C.J., 2000.  Mechanical force spinal manipulation increases trunk muscle strength assessed by electromyography: a comparative clinical trial.  Journal of Manipulative and Physiological Therapeutics, 23 (9), 585-595.

Lehman, G.J., Vernon, H., McGill, S.M., 2001.  Effects of a mechanical pain stimulus on erector spinae activity before and after a spinal manipulation in patients with back pain: a preliminary investigation.  Journal of Manipulative and Physiological Therapeutics, 24 (6), 402-406.

Pickar, J.G., Kang, Y., 2006.  Paraspinal muscle spindle responses to the duration of a spinal manipulation under force control.  Journal of Manipulative and Physiological Therapeutics, 29 (1), 22-31.

Sihvonen, T., Huttunen, M., Makkonen, M., Airaksinen, O., 1998.  Functional changes in back muscle activity correlate with pain intensity and prediction of low back pain.  Archives of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation, 79, 1210-1212.

Souvlis, T., Vincenzino, B., Wright, A. (2005) Neurophysiological effects of spinal manual therapy. In Grieve’s modern manual therapy, The Vertebral Column. 3rd ed. Churchill Livingstone: Edinburgh. Ch. 25 p.368.

Suter, E., Herzog, W., Conway, P.J., Zhang, Y. (1994)  Reflex response associated with manipulative treatment of the thoracic spine.  Journal of Neuromusculoskeletal System, 2, 124-130.

Suter E, McMorland G, Herzog W, Bray R. (1999) Decrease in quadriceps inhibition after sacroiliac joint manipulation in patients with anterior knee pain. Journal of Manipulative and Physiological Therapeutics, 22 (3), 149-153.
 
Suter E, McMorland G, Herzog W, Bray R. (2000) Conservative lower back treatment reduces inhibition in knee-extensor muscles: a randomized controlled trial. Journal of Manipulative and Physiological Therapeutics, 23 (2), 76-80.

Suter, E., McMorland, G. (2002)  Decrease in elbow flexor inhibition after cervical spine manipulation in patients with chronic neck pain.  Clinical Biomechanics, 17, 541-544.

Suter, E., McMorland, G., Herzog, W. (2005) Short-term effects of spinal manipulation on H-reflex amplitude in healthy and symptomatic subjects. Journal of Manipulative and Physiological Therapeutics, 28 (9), 667-672.
 
Symons BP, Herzog W, Leonard T, Nguyen H. (2000) Reflex responses associated with activator treatment. Journal of Manipulative and Physiological Therapeutics, 23 (3), 155-159.

Unsworth, A., Dowson, D., Wright, Y., 1971.  Cracking joints.  Annals of Rheumatology & Disease, 30, 348-358.